Turkmenchay Agreement

The Treaty of Turkmenchay (ترکمنچای) was an agreement between Gaddafi`s Iran and the Russian Empire, which ended the Russo-Persian War (1826-28). Signed on February 2, 1828 in Torkamanchay, Iran. The treaty gave Persia control of several territories from the South Caucasus to Russia: the Erivan Khanat, the Nakhchivan Khanat and the rest of the Talysch Khanate. The border between Russia and Persia was fixed on the Aras River. The territories are now Armenia, the south of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan and the province of I`dr (now part of Turkey). His Majesty, the Russian Emperor and His Majesty the King of Iran, have accepted eternal peace, friendship and full harmony among themselves, their heirs to the throne, their states and their citizens. Abstract: Treaty of Torkamanchai (also Turkmenchay) of 1828, agreements signed by Russia and Persia in the village of Turkmanchai (Torkaman), Eastern Azarbaijan province, NW Iran. It ended the Russo-Persian war, which had begun in 1825, and forced Persia to cede part of Persian Armenia to Russia and grant extraterritorial rights. There was warm praise for his decision to go directly from the airport to a meeting with Iran`s supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei. In Tehran this week, Putin and Ayatollah Khamenei both reaffirmed their support for Bashar Assad, but elsewhere Moscow has hinted that there may be more room for manoeuvre. Even when the leaders of the plateau do not have the means to secure sovereignty beyond the Macaws, the neighbouring khanates were still considered Iranian dependencies.

Of course, it was the khanates closest to Zarbéjin province who most often sought to reintroduce Iranian sucenity: the Khanates of Erivan, Aber den Aras and the cis-Aras Khanate of Ilish, whose administrative headquarters are in Lankar`n and is therefore very sensitive to pressure, either towards Tabréz or Rasht. Beyond the Qarébégh khanat, the Khin of Ganja and the wali of Gurjistén (leaders of the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti in southeastern Georgia), although less accessible for coercive purposes, were considered vassals of the Shah, as were the Cachines of Shakki and Sherverian, north of the Kura River. However, contacts between Iran and the Khanates of Beke and Qubba were poor and consisted mainly of maritime trade relations with Anzala and Rasht.